King Pest Control, Inc. is also certified to use Termidor.

Termite Control

Termite control has changed more in the last 10 years than any other time in pest control history. Professionals have to be diligent in staying current with the changes which can be confusing, especially to homeowners. However, knowledge controls termites. Knowing termite biology and their habits is paramount in their control. We keep our technicians up to date with on going training programs. King Pest Control, Inc. utilizes different techniques and materials, customizing an optimum approach to your specific needs. One major aspect to our approach is the Exterra Termite Interception and Baiting System. This revolutionary baiting system is excellent in controlling termites and reduces the impact to our environment.

Protecting Homes and Businesses

(405) 359-9690

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The Exterra Termite Interception and Baiting System

It's a Revolution!

Baiting is the most significant innovation to occur in subterranean termite control technology since the introduction of modern termite control chemicals in the 1950s. Until recently, the only methods available for subterranean termite control were barrier treatments using large amounts of environmentally persistent chemicals. Several alternative termite control strategies have been proposed and commercialized recently, however baiting is the one that promises to replace barrier treatments as the preferred method of subterranean termite control. The research that forms the foundation of termite baiting was conducted over 25 years ago. However, because barrier type products then available were very effective, termite baiting was never developed. However, baiting has finally been commercialized for several reasons. First, barrier treatment products now available are not as effective as these previously available products. Secondly, questions are beginning to be asked about the logic of routinely applying large amounts and under inhabited structures when effective alternatives such as baiting are now available.

Baiting vs. Barriers

Barriers
Barrier treatments only exclude termites from a structure, they do not suppress or eliminate termites. Because they are not eliminated, termites are still able to probe beneath the barrier looking for gaps in the barrier, trying to find a way into the structure. If the barrier is not continuous and a gap is found, termites can penetrate the barrier and gain entry to the structure undetected. Additionally, currently available barrier treatment products are not as long-lasting or as effective at low concentrations as barrier treatment products, such as chlordane, that were banned in the 1980s.

Even the most carefully applied barrier treatments do not always form continuous barriers. This means that gaps can be left in the barrier through which termites can invade the structure. Additionally, the strength of the barrier may deteriorate at one or more points allowing termites to infest the structure undetected at these weak points in the barrier.

Forming a complete termite barrier under a structure is often not practical. For instance, termites can enter the structure through cracks in the middle of the slabs and through hidden expansion joints under which it is nearly impossible to form a continuous barrier. Barriers that are formed may be physically disturbed when treated earth that forms part of the barrier is moved, disturbed or washed away.

Barrier treatments involve the application of large amounts of liquids around and under a structure. Barrier treatments may require drilling hundreds of holes in the foundation of the structure. Drilling can result in busted pipes and unsightly holes in slab surfaces. The application of barrier treatments sometimes involves the removal of finished interior surfaces such as flooring and molding. Finally, some barrier treatment products may leave an odor in the structure that persists for several days.

Baiting
There are several advantages to baiting for termite control but two are paramount. First, a termite bait actually suppresses activity by a termite colony to attack a structure. In fact termite bait may, under the right circumstances, eliminate the termite colony. The second important advantage is the dramatic reduction in the amounts of pesticide necessary for termite control when termite baits are used in place of barrier treatments.

In order to affect termites, a termite bait must be consumed by the termites. Additionally, termite colony members must consume a bait for a long enough period of time for the bait to affect the entire termite colony. However to be effective, termite baiting systems must deal with two key habits or characteristics of termites.

The first key characteristic of termites that must be dealt with by a termite baiting system is the fact that termites cannot be attracted. However, because termites are continuously randomly forage at almost every point in the earth around their colony. If a substance termites consume is placed at a fixed location in the ground near the colony, the colony will eventually find the substance and begin consuming it. For this reason, the first step in the termite baiting process is the placement in the ground of a station containing a substance, referred to as an 'interceptor', that termites will consume. Termites that find this substance and begin feeding on it in the station are referred to as having been 'intercepted'.

The second key characteristic of termites that must be dealt with by a termite baiting system is the tenancy of termites to desert an area in which they have been feeding if the area is disturbed. Because termites have no natural defenses against such disturbances, their response to a disturbance may be to leave the disturbed area. Therefore an effective baiting system must minimize disturbance of termites feeding in the station at all times during the interception process and the subsequent baiting process.
Exterra- Easier Does It

The Exterra Termite Interception and Baiting System is superior to other baiting systems and methods. This is because it represents a simplified approach to termite baiting. This simplified approach results in a minimization of the disturbance of termites during inspections and baiting, a key attribute of an effective baiting system.

Other multistep baiting systems remove their interceptors in order to inspect them for termite attack. This removal disturbs the termites infesting the interceptor potentially resulting in the termites leaving the station. Exterra stations are designed to permit visual inspection of the interceptors for termite activity without removing or disturbing the interceptors. Because the interceptors are not removed during inspection, disturbance of termite feeding during station inspection is minimized.

Other multistep baiting systems remove their interceptors during the baiting process. With Exterra, instead of removing the interceptor and replacing the bait, bait is placed in the station in contact with the termite infested interceptors. Because termites prefer the texture (density and consistency) of the bait to that of the interceptor, they transition from feeding on the interceptor to feeing on the bait.

Labyrinth Termite Bait

Just as important as the innovative interception and baiting method used with Exterra is the inclusion as a part of the system of an effective termite bait. That bait is Labyrinth, the result of a three-year research and development project to develop an effective termite bait.

Almost any type of insecticide will kill termites if they consume it. However, termite colony members have avoidance instincts that protect them against most types of toxicants. This is because most toxicants are quick acting, meaning they cause death soon after the toxicant is consumed. If a large number of termite colony members perish soon after consuming a quick acting toxicant, other members of the colony may stop feeding on that toxicant and avoid further contact with it. This avoidance means the toxicant does not eliminate substantial numbers of colony members before the colony learns to avoid it. For this reason, a termite bait active ingredient must be carefully selected to defeat this avoidance instinct.

One way to defeat this instinct is to select a toxicant that acts slowly on the termite colony. If a toxicant acts slowly enough on the colony, the colony is not able to 'learn' to avoid the substance that is killing colony members.

Instead of an interior skeleton, insects including termites have an exterior skeleton, referred to as an exoskeleton a key chemical component of which is the substance chitin. As they grow, termites must shed their exoskeleton to form a new replacement exoskeleton during a process called molting. A failure to complete the molting process is lethal to termites meaning that a toxicant that interferes with the molting process would be fatal.

The active ingredient in Labyrinth is a toxicant that inhibits the proper production of chitin in termites during molting, thereby interfering with the molting process. However in order for this interference to occur, a termite must consume Labyrinth prior to the onset of the molting process. This is why the active ingredient in Labyrinth is administered to termites in the form of a bait.

When a termite that has consumed Labyrinth molts, the lethal effect is immediate. However, because all the termites in the colony do not molt at the same time, the effect of Labyrinth is staggered over a considerable period of time. Because the effect of Labyrinth on the colony is gradual or slow acting, colony members are not able to identify and avoid the substance that is causing the slow loss of colony members.

If the colony consumes the Labyrinth for a long enough period of time, the number of members in the colony is reduced thereby suppressing the colony and reducing or eliminating its threat to your structure. If consumption of Labyrinth continues, this suppression may culminate in the elimination of the colony itself. However, once a colony is substantially suppressed or presumably eliminated, ground areas that the colony previously occupied are subject to invasion by other nearby colonies. This is why the interception and baiting process must continue at the structure for as long as it is desirable to exclude termites form the structure.

Reduced Environmental Impact

Significant reductions in potential exposures of applicators, occupants and the environment to termite control toxicants are possible when Labyrinth is used in place of barrier treatments. Because Labyrinth is only applied in tamper resistant stations, exposure of structure occupants is either non-existent or negligible. Additionally, Labyrinth is present in a station only when termites are actively feeding in the station.

It has been calculated that the use of Labyrinth results in a 10,000 fold reduction in the amount of pesticide necessary for termite control at a structure when its use is compared to the amount of toxicant needed for a typical barrier treatment of the same structure. Additionally, Labyrinth was registered by the Environmental Protection Agency according to their Reduced Risk Initiative that gives priority to the registration of certain pesticides that reduce exposures to toxicants.



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